, including paintings, engravings and drawings, the exhibition reconstructs the relationship and influence of the great painter from Aragon on other famous artists who have marked the evolution of art through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: from Delacroix to Klee, from David to Kokoschka, from Victor Hugo to Miro, from Klinger to Picasso, from Nolde to Bacon, from Kirchner to Pollock, from Guttuso to de Kooning, a host of great names have taken Goya's brush strokes and style and transformed them to be a part of their own identity.
By means of a display of over 180 works
Starting from an analysis of the painter's favourite subjects - the image of the new society, the reaction of the individual to the new way of life, and violence and terror as the most negative features of this new society - the exhibition offers an unprecedented and stimulating comparison between Goya and the modern world, of which the painter has been a prophet and witness as both man and artist.
The course is divided into five sections: in the first, The work of time: portraits analyses Goya's ability to capture, through look and gesture, the subjectivity of the characters portrayed. Everyday life presents an artist interested in all aspects of day-to-day living, without established hierarchies or order. In Nonsense & the grotesque, the modern world is illustrated by showing its most absurd elements, in accordance with one of the key aspects of Goya's work in which he anticipates the work of Miro, Picasso and Klee. In Violence, representations of war and of its tragic consequences attempt to explore the darkest and most terrible aspect of the transformation of society (the raw images of Goya are here accompanied by works by Dali and Picasso). The Scream completes the circle, providing a framework for the most intense expression of subjectivity with which the artist represented many of his characters, as Munch was to do later, and also Baselitz, Kiefer and Saura.
A total of 184 masterpieces by Goya and 45 other world-class artists are brought together from 62 different collections in 15 different countries. The result is an initiative that sheds light on the modern world and its evolution, aesthetics, sensibility, values and contradictions through two centuries that have been crucial for Western history.
Palazzo Reale, Milan