Mexico's treasury of natural and historical marvels

Far more than just tasty cuisine, Mexican culture is rich with religious and traditional rituals and art, and the country's wealth of wonders includes 27 different UNESCO cultural heritage sites and four natural heritage sites.

If you've been lucky enough to visit Mexico, you may have some inkling of the vast wealth of natural, cultural and artistic wonders the country has to offer. Even so, you're probably only scratched the surface: the range and value is so great that 31 sites have been chosen by UNESCO as world heritage sites, 27 cultural and four natural. The country is home to a wealth of archaeological and architectural gems from the relics of ancient civilisations, to cave art, to fortified cities, and preserves indigenous traditions and rituals that have been handed down over centuries. It also boasts lush natural scenery where incredible fauna and flora live, not forgetting the stunning beauty of the islands off the coast and the marine marvels of the ocean itself that even include a whale sanctuary. Our photo gallery will give you an idea of the marvels of Mexico. Perhaps it will even tempt you to take a trip and see for yourself.

Left: an example of traditional art. Right: evening in the historic city of Guanajuato / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Calakmul, Mexico
The ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Calakmul are almost hidden by the dense green of the jungle / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Campeche, Mexico
The historic  walled city of Campeche / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Casas Grandes, Mexico
Archeological area of Paquime in Casas Grandes (Chihuahua) / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Palenque, Mexico
Temple of Inscriptions,  in the pre-Hispanic city and National Park of Palenque / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City
Mexico has impressive modern architecture, too, such as the Palacio de Bellas Artes – the Palace of Fine Arts – in Mexico City / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico
The embankments, dikes, canals, pyramids and mounds of Monte Alban in Oaxaca were literally carved into the mountain and are symbols of a sacred topography / © Ricardo Espinosa 

'Voladores', Cuetzalan
Voladores from Cuetzalan in the state of Puebla. A number of ethnic groups in Mexico and Central America perform this type of  'flying dance' associated with fertility 

Casa de la Marquesa, Queretaro
Interior of the Casa de la Marquesa in Queretaro / © Ricardo Espinosa 

El Tajin
The prehistoric city of El Tajin in Veracruz state, reached its peak between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, becoming the largest in north-east Mesoamerica after the fall of the Teotihuacan Empire / © Ricardo Espinosa 

Kukulca, Chichen Itza
Pyramid of Kukulcan, in the prehistoric city of Chichen Itza / © Ricardo Espinosa. 

Uxmal, Yucatan
Located in Yucatan, the Mayan city of Uxmal was founded around 700 AD and  had a population of  25,000 inhabitants. The Mayan skill at astronomy is clear from the position of the buildings / © Ricardo Espinosa